Why do we need words?
When a person is born, he does not speak. The maximum that can come from the mouth of a baby is a cry, expressing anxiety. However, these first sounds already perform the main function of words - communication or communication. With the help of the cry, the child expresses his displeasure, so the adults know that he needs help.
Words, of course, represent a more complex phenomenon than a child’s crying or crying. Why do we need words? Each word has a specific meaning, or even more than one. For example, the word "gender". On the one hand, the floor is the part of the room where we walk. On the other hand, gender is an affiliation to the category of men or women.
Recently, in schools, less and less time is devoted to the Russian language and literature, and in fact it is in these lessons that one can feel the meaning of words, love and understand one's native language. Therefore, it would be useful for each schoolchild to write an essay “Why We Need Words” and speculate, as we say today, why our language is considered one of the richest in the world.
Russian vocabulary (or vocabulary) represents different groups of words: terms, neologisms, archaisms, historicisms, Old Church Slavs, borrowings, dialectisms.Such diversity allows us to be expressed more accurately, capaciously and sometimes brightly. To confirm this thought, let's talk about some groups of words.
Why do you need outdated words in Russian? Usually there are several types of obsolete words: Old Slavonic (Church Slavonic), historicism, archaism.
The Old Slavonic writing, which came to us from Bulgaria, strongly influenced the Russian writing. If in Europe a very long time of worship was conducted in Latin, it was written sacred texts, in Russia the sacred texts were written in Old Slavonic language, close to Russian, but still different from him. Over time, the words that people heard in the church began to be used outside of it and gradually entered into our speech. So, the word "baby" does not seem to us non-Russian, but it has Old Slavonic roots.
Very often Old Slavic have a solemn hue. Why do we need these words? Compare, hail (elders) and the city (rus.), Gates (elder) and the gate (rus.), Mouth (elders) and lips (rus). Many poets used this distinctive feature. Old-Slavonicism sounds shrill in Pushkin’s poem The Prophet:
With spiritual thirst we torment
In the dark desert I swung, -
And the six-winged seraph
At a crossroads came to me.
Fingers light as sleep
He touched my pupils.
Prophetic zeniths have opened
Like a frightened eagle.
Archaisms are words that eventually acquired more relevant synonyms and are not used today. However, you should not forget about them completely, because they also form part of the richness of our language. For example, a mournful sheet - a history of the disease, the flu - an influenza. Such words can be used for styling in theatrical productions, films, books.
Historicism - words denoting objects, concepts and phenomena that have become obsolete, disappeared in modern reality. For example, a king is historicism, as there are no kings today. Examples are such words of Soviet realities as NEPMAN, divisional commander, educational program. Why do we need these words? Such words are also used for styling. You should not forget about them either, so as not to lose touch with previous generations. The popular writer Boris Akunin actively uses archaisms in his works, for example, about the nun Pelagia or Eraste Fandorin.