What is Wikipedia?
Wikipedia tightly entered the lives of many people. Many wonder how it came about and what it really is. Finding out what Wikipedia is, let's start with how this word was formed. The word "Wikipedia" appeared the merger of the two words "wiki" and "encyclopedia". Simply put, it is an encyclopedia built on the wiki principle. Wiki (in Hawaiian means “fast”) is a site that is complemented and developed by the users themselves with the help of tools built into it by the developer. The basic principles of Wikipedia, therefore, are free access, multilingualism, universality and a neutral point of view.
How was the project created?
The basis for the emergence of Wikipedia was the Nupedia project, which was a free online encyclopedia in English created by experts. The developers of Nupedia, editor-in-chief Larry Sanger and CEO Jimmy Wales, have decided to apply the wiki principle to it in order to develop the project. This is how Wikipedia appeared for creating draft versions of articles for Nupedia.
January 5, 2001 can be considered the date of foundation of the site.Then the first section appeared in English. Until 2003, both projects existed in parallel.
Principle of free
Considering what Wikipedia is, it should be noted that it is an openness for editing to any user, the ability to write freely for the site to anyone who wishes, regardless of the fact of registration in the project. This is the official position of the founders of Wikipedia. However, one graduate student named Virgil Griffith, who developed the program WikiScanner, conducted an independent private study on the subject of who is the author of Wikipedia articles. So it turned out that articles about corporations or government agencies are mostly ruled by employees of these institutions.
Principle of multilingualism
Wikipedia is currently available in 285 languages. Each language section lives an independent life, articles in different sections do not necessarily coincide. In order to improve the quality of the project, it was decided to create a controlling organization Meta-Wiki, which would study and supplement the range of information available in different sections of Wikipedia. So there was a list of articles that should be present in all Wikipedia. It contains articles about the basics of various sciences and areas of human knowledge.
However, many articles due to the strong attachment to the realities of a particular country are available only in the language of that country.
The quality of articles in different languages is guaranteed by the ban on translation by machine tools introduced by developers. Therefore, for the most part, Wikipedia articles are written in their native language, not translated.
Value in modern life
Find out what Wikipedia is for modernity. It is difficult to overestimate the contribution of Wikipedia to the reality of modern life. A rare scientific study does without referring to this source of reference information. Wikipedia, as a source of information, has a lot of benefits for journalists. The evidence in court information from the articles of the draft is used as supporting.
In a word, Wikipedia in the modern world is a very important pillar of knowledge and one of the most famous sources of information. As a website, Wikipedia is at the same level of popularity with Google and YouTube.