What is a liman?

Natalya Kosenko
Natalya Kosenko
January 26, 2015
What is a liman?

The word "liman" has Greek roots and means "bay". What is a liman? This is a shallow reservoir of natural origin, which is created as a result of flooding of the mouth of the river or due to a decrease in the coastal strip. The salinity in the estuary has a moderate degree, but may increase due to evaporation with a small influx of water.

Types of estuaries

Estuaries are of two types:

  1. Open ("lip"). Have a permanent connection to the sea. The water space has a very extensive area. Over time, the bottom of the open estuary becomes covered with silt.
  2. Closed (estuary lakes). They are a body of water, separated from the sea by a scythe or inlet. The water level in them depends on the amount of precipitation and is usually below sea level. Gated estuaries gradually become swampy and covered with vegetation capable of surviving in salt water. As a result of intensive evaporation of water, the concentration of salt in it is much higher than sea. Swimming in the estuary has a healing effect.