What is the stem of the word?

Lyudmila Kolyagina
Lyudmila Kolyagina
March 25, 2013
20309
What is the stem of the word?

There is a basis in our entire world - this applies to both physical and non-physical things. It turns out that even in the usual word there is a basis. What is the stem of the word? We will answer you briefly on this question, especially since in our rhythm of life we ​​often forget the rules of the Russian language. The basis of the word in linguistics means that part of the word that we cannot independently change. And if we change, then this violates the rules of the Russian language. The basis of the word shows us what the meaning of this word is lexical. Simply put, the basis of a word is its part without ending and without formative suffixes (if there are such words in the word). So, in the word "eighth" the basis of the word will be "eight", in the word "our" - "our", in the word "desert" - "desert". In words that do not change, the whole word will be the basis. Examples of such words: "dreaming", "highly" (as an adverb).

How to select the basis of the word

In order to correctly identify the basis of the word, you should consider not only the sound part of the word, but also the letter part.First define the ending of the word, then the formative suffixes, if any. The rest of the word, except these, is the basis. Let's look at an example. In the word "read" we single out the ending "and", "l" - this is the formative suffix of the past tense verbs. Cut off these parts of the word and get the base - "cheat".

The basis of the word is non-derivative and derivative. A non-derivative base is a base that cannot be divided into other morphemes; it consists of only one root. For example, in the word "forest" the base "forest" consists of one root, therefore it is non-derivative. And in the word “run across” the base “run” consists of a prefix and root, that is, it is divided into morphemes, therefore such a base will be a derivative. Also distinguish the generating bases - these are the bases from which new words are produced.