What is the New Year?

Anna Mikhailova
Anna Mikhailova
February 18, 2013
23708
What is the New Year?

The New Year is a holiday that is celebrated by many nations according to the adopted calendar, and it comes on the night from December 31 to January 1. However, now not everyone knows what the New Year is and where this holiday came from.

history of the holiday

The tradition to celebrate the New Year dates back to Mesopotamia from the 3rd c. BC er Also, this holiday since antiquity was celebrated by the Egyptians, Romans, Jews. As a rule, almost always the celebration was accompanied by ritual and magical rites, the echoes of which came to us. Also, every nation had its own date when the New Year was celebrated. But the beginning of the year from January 1, set in 46 BC. er Roman ruler Julia Caesar, and dedicated it to the god of all began Janus. In Russia, this holiday was first celebrated on March 1, but after collecting in Moscow in 1348, it was celebrated on September 1 according to the Byzantine system of chronology. But Tsar Peter I, who tried to Europeanize the country, in 1699 ordered to begin the year from 1 January. Most countries of the world celebrate the New Year on January 1.But some countries mark it according to the lunar calendar. So the Chinese New Year is timed to the winter new moon, and according to the Gregorian calendar, it is celebrated between January 21 and February 21. But due to the fact that the traditional calendar is rarely used, the state first celebrates the New Year along with the whole world on January 1, and then its traditional one. Every Chinese person can explain what the New Year holiday is in an oriental way and tell about all its signs and traditions that have been observed since antiquity. One of the traditions of the Eastern New Year is the assignment each year of one of the 12 animals that they are trying to appease. In addition, some peoples, such as the Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, celebrate their New Year, and it is called Nauryz, which comes March 21 or 22. It is celebrated massively with national dishes and personifies the arrival of spring.

As celebrate New Year

As a rule, the main attributes of the New Year are a festive table at which relatives and friends gather, a green Christmas tree decorated with toys, sweets and tinsel, under which are gifts.Also, many nations have Santa Claus or Santa Claus, who bring gifts on New Year and Christmas Eve.

However, in the post-Soviet space, another holiday is celebrated, the so-called Old New Year, which is celebrated on January 14th. As a rule, it is difficult for foreigners to explain what the old New Year is. Meanwhile, this is the same thing on January 1, only in the old style, and, of course, the Russian people could not give up this date with their attention, and steadfastly celebrate it for many decades. Now you know how this holiday is celebrated, and you can write an essay on what the New Year is, because every nation has its own unique traditions.