What is ideology?

Dmitry Chepcheruk
Dmitry Chepcheruk
August 9, 2012
What is ideology?

The word "ideology" came to the Russian language from the Greek language and means, in translation, a prototype, some idea or teaching. If we talk about what ideology is in the modern sense, it implies a kind of ordered system of knowledge and beliefs, it reflects the interests of society as a whole, or its individual groups and classes, to the existing power and to each other.

Let's try to figure out what political ideology is. In fact, every state exists on the basis of an ideology. They can be very different. Ideology may include various scientific teachings and elements of science, but by itself it cannot be a science. Ideology includes some assessment of socio-political phenomena and other forces. Each political ideology has a specific structure. In most cases, it consists of political theory, social and political ideals, concepts of political development and political symbols.The following political ideologies are known to history: liberalism, anarchism, communism or Marxism, social democracy, fascism and Nazism, conservatism, and some other, less well-known and not widespread political ideologies.

Let's talk about what a liberal ideology is. This is historically the first political ideology, it originated in the 18th century, when a class of free owners from noblemen and clergy was formed. They are also called the bourgeoisie. These people were not enough of their own quite good financial position, they were engaged in political activities. The main feature on which the ideology of liberalism was based was the conviction that everyone has the right to freedom, no matter what kind they are: spiritual, material, political. Personal freedom is the basic value of this ideology. Liberals believed that any restrictions in the economy lead to stagnation, especially if it is a monopoly. Opponents of liberalism argued that a person cannot be absolutely free as long as it exists in society.