What is a biocenosis?
It is safe to say that you at least once paid attention to the fact that the flora and fauna of, say, mountains and deserts is very different. Animals and plants adapt to existence on one locality only in certain combinations, thus forming biocenoses. Let's tell in more detail what a biocenosis is.
Biocenosis is a whole set of living organisms: plants, animals, fungi, microorganisms that live in a single territory and are connected with each other and with the environment. Biocenosis is a system capable of self-regulation, it is one of the main objects of ecology. All biocenoses were formed for a long time and are the results of evolution.
The most important indicator by which a biocenosis can be assessed is species diversity or biodiversity. It represents the totality of the diversity of species existing in a given territory. Also, this indicator is called biomass.It depends on many factors: climate, sustainability and stability of environmental conditions, life expectancy of individual species, etc.
There are several types of structures biocenosis. The species structure, as we have said, implies a collection of all species. The spatial structure is characterized by vertical layering, that is, changing biocenoses when moving from the earth's crust all the higher. There is also a horizontal structure or mosaic. It is characterized by a change in biocenoses depending on changes in the latitude and longitude of the coordinates of the terrain.