What causes thrush?
You will not find a woman who has never in her life faced thrush. Before embarking on the treatment of this disease, it is necessary to know what causes thrush, that is, its causes.
This ailment in medicine is called candidiasis. The popular name "thrush" is a disease due to the discharge that accompanies it. They are (discharge) most often white and cheesy. Why does a thrush appear?
Factors contributing to the appearance of thrush
The causative agent of the disease is a yeast-like fungus Candida. It is harmless to the body and is involved in the metabolic process along with other microorganisms. Every woman has this fungus on the skin, in the mouth, in the intestines, but most of all in the vagina.
The development of fungal infections contribute to such factors:
- antibiotic treatment;
- birth control pills;
- sexually transmitted diseases;
- chronic infections;
- weakened immunity.
There are three types of thrush.The first is candidacy. In this case, there are no symptoms of the disease and complaints about it, but a smear can determine the presence of thrush. The second type is acute candidiasis with signs of inflammation. And finally, the third type is a renewable chronic (recurrent) candidiasis. This diagnosis is made only if within a year the patient is faced with this problem at least 4 times.
It should be remembered that the root of all evil is a weakened immunity. Therefore, together with the treatment of candidiasis, it is necessary to find and eliminate immunodeficiency.
Thrush in men
Where does thrush come from in men, and what are its symptoms?
Often the disease is transmitted from wife to husband. In men, the following symptoms of candidiasis can occur:
- pain during urination;
- pain during intercourse;
- raid appears on the head of the penis;
- on the head of the penis and on the foreskin redness;
- itching and burning in the same places (penis head and foreskin).
Candida fungus is transmitted to the newborn from the mother in most cases (more than 70%). At the same time, there is no difference in how the mother gave birth, either alone or with a caesarean section.
Thrush and venereal diseases
Very often in the medical literature candidiasis is considered in conjunction with sexually transmitted diseases. Non-professionals this fact is misleading. This is due to a similar clinical picture in the manifestation of symptoms, since very often thrush appears after sex. In fact, this disease has no relation to venereal diseases.
Although in some cases candidiasis is transmitted sexually, and experts do not deny this, but statistics have recorded only a small number of such cases. Thrush is more often infected by men from women than vice versa. The best way to protect against candidiasis during sexual intercourse is a condom.
Very rarely, but still recorded cases of transmission of the disease during oral-genital contact. This happens for the simple reason that some people have thrush fungi in the mouth. It is very easy to find out with the help of a special examination and an appropriate analysis, which will determine whether you are a carrier of Candida fungus.
Most often, thrush infect the household way.The microflora that provokes the disease can be found on the bedding, in the air, on vegetables and fruits that are not well washed.
We note the fact that the diagnosis of "thrush" is made by women themselves to themselves. The basis of this diagnosis are white vaginal discharge, burning and itching. However, these symptoms can be caused by more serious causes than Candida fungi. These signs can be related to sexually transmitted infections that are hidden in the body.