Vatican is an unusual and interesting place for tourism.
The Vatican is a mysterious and very interesting place that annually attracts millions of tourists. But to go here and enjoy the journey, you need to find out a few important points.
What is the Vatican?
The Vatican is a dwarf and the smallest enclave in the whole world, which in its essence is a city located in the territory of Rome, but at the same time does not depend on Italy. By the way, it is believed that the name translates from Latin as “the place of divination,” so it’s not for nothing that the Vatican is considered one of the most mysterious places.
In addition, it is the real world center of Catholicism in which the Pope of Rome lives (by the way, he is elected for life and rules the state). It is here that ancient relics and artifacts are stored, about which little is known to this day.
The population of the Vatican does not exceed 1-1.5 thousand people, and most of it is composed of Italians. On the territory there are two languages: Latin and Italian.The main currency is the euro.
How to get there?
You can get to the Vatican by plane, and there is no airport in it, so you'll have to come to Rome, and then go to the enclave state itself.
Visa and customs regimes
Since the Vatican belongs to the territory of Italy, a valid Schengen visa is required to enter the enclave state. And if it is a tourist, then the period of stay in the territory cannot exceed two weeks.
As for the customs regime, the import and export of currency is unlimited, but the amount of over 10 thousand euros must be declared. Imported tobacco and alcohol are restricted, as in most European countries.
What can not be exported from the Vatican? Items that are of cultural or historical value. In addition, there is a limit on the amount spent on the purchase of souvenirs. It should not exceed 300 euros, but the details should be found at the customs, as the rules change.
Climate, relief and nature
The climate of the Vatican is Mediterranean and quite mild. In winter, the average temperature is about 5 degrees, abundant rainfall (snow) and strong frosts there almost never happens.It rains mainly in autumn and early winter. In the summer it is very hot and dry here. The thermometer rises during the day to 30-35 degrees, and at night it drops to about 20.
The Vatican is located on a fairly hilly terrain. The flora is represented mainly by deciduous and coniferous trees. There are not so many animals as birds. If you want to enjoy the beauty of nature, then you will be pleased with the Tiber River, on the right bank of which the state is located.
Things to do?
If you are planning a vacation in the Vatican, then do not think that here you can have fun and relax "in a big way". But since the Vatican is a Catholic world center, then it is worth going to this state at least in order to touch the origins of Christianity and be enlightened spiritually.
In addition, be sure to visit one or even several museums that store real masterpieces of art. Be sure to appreciate the local architecture, it is just gorgeous!
And you will be pleased with its magnificence by the famous Vatican gardens, created by the hand of man. If you want to learn a lot of new things, be sure to sign up for one of the excursions, but at the same time take with you a program translated into your native language.
What's so interesting?
What to see in the Vatican?
- Vatican gardens, which have already been written a little higher. They grow trees, flowers and even exotic plants. Also in the gardens you can find various fountains and sculptures.
- Special attention deserves the Papal Pinakothek. Masterpieces of world-famous masters, such as Titian and Raphael, are collected in 15 halls of this building.
- If you are in the Vatican, by all means visit the Sistine Chapel known all over the world. Once upon a time, Botticelli and Michelangelo worked on it. And all the paintings are devoted to scenes taken from the New and Old Testaments.
- Be sure to ascend to Mario Hill, which offers stunning views of the Vatican and all of Rome.
- The sacred grottoes are located on the lower level of St. Peter's Cathedral. They contain the sarcophagi of the former popes.
- The Papal or Vatican Palace is a whole ensemble of stunning and historically important buildings. Particularly interesting are the Stage of the Regge, the main rooms (the so-called Borgia apartments), the Belvedere Palace, the Paolina and Nicolina Chapels, and the Castle of St. Angelo.
- If you list the sights, you can not forget about the Cathedral of St. Peter, which is a landmark not only of the Vatican, but of Rome and Italy as a whole.This is a huge and huge structure, the height of the dome is as much as 136 meters!
- You should definitely visit St. Peter's Square, on which are installed the majestic statues of all the former pantifikovs.
- Castel Gandolfo Castle is located in the outskirts of Rome, but also belongs to the Vatican. It is a masterpiece of world architecture. And here is the summer residence of the Pope.
- The Vatican necropolis is the burial of the I-IV centuries, located around one large tomb.
- Famous Vatican Museums: the Apostolic Library, the Gregorian Etruscan Museum, the Ciaramonti Museum, the Geographic Map Gallery, the Gobelins Gallery and so on.
How to behave?
On the territory of the Vatican, there are some rules of conduct. So, in public places and even on the street it is impossible to appear with naked knees and shoulders, that is in t-shirts, shorts and short skirts. It is also forbidden to use foul language and behave too cheeky, smoke and drink alcohol.
There are some unspoken rules. Surprisingly, the Vatican is considered one of the most criminal states, because almost every third visitor is robbed here.And so if you want to protect yourself from theft, watch out for things and always keep them with you. Among other things, you can not take photos in religious places.
We should also write about people. They are not very hospitable and friendly, so it is better not to contact them for nothing.
Traditional cuisine is represented by national Italian dishes, the main ingredients of which are vegetables, seafood, herbs, cheese, pasta, as well as olive oil and vinegar, which are often used for dressing and give a special flavor.
In the menu of local restaurants you will certainly meet pasta, pizza, various salads, as well as meatless dishes. And you will certainly enjoy the desserts. As for drinks, then there is coffee and fine Italian wines.
Be sure to go to the Vatican! And may this trip bring new impressions and be remembered.