How to propagate the orchid?
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To multiply an orchid yourself at home will not be difficult. However, one must be prepared for the demanding care of this delicate plant.
There are several ways of breeding orchids, which we consider in more detail in our article.
How to propagate the orchid division
The easiest way to grow a flower is to divide a bush during a transplant.
An important condition for vegetative division is the size of an adult plant - the orchid must be large enough. The meaning of this type of reproduction is dividing the rhizome into separate parts (which should contain two or three false bulbs). Usually this procedure is carried out in the spring.
- Carefully remove the plant from the pot and clean the roots from the soil.
- Disinfect a sharp knife or special garden shears (as an option, you can hold the blade in a flame lighter).
- Cut the rhizome into several parts (remember that each part must have at least two onions).
- Then the sections must be processed with crushed charcoal (in order to avoid the ingress of microorganisms).
- Cut the cut parts into prepared pots like new plants. To do this, you need to make a soil - mix moss, granulated clay, coarse sand, crushed coal, dry leaves or bark and enrich the soil with perlite or vermiculite. In most cases, the composition of the soil does not include garden soil.
- Moisten the soil and maintain soil moisture as needed. Every day, spray the plant with water from a spray bottle until the leaves appear.
This method can multiply the following types of orchids:
How to propagate an orchid by cutting
A more complex method of propagation of a flower is cutting. However, the method allows to obtain a large number of new plants due to the disclosure of "sleeping" buds.
For cutting taken adult bulbs.
- Remove the plant from the pot and clean the roots from the ground.
- Cut the sprout with the treated instrument so that the part has undisclosed buds.
- Process the sections with crushed coal.
- Leave the cutting for two days in a dry, ventilated area.
- Then transfer the cutting to a plastic bag filled with live wet moss (can be replaced with sand).
- Provide the plant with the necessary conditions: diffused light, high humidity, temperature not lower than twenty degrees (you can use the heated). Also it is necessary to observe regular airing of the cutting.
- After the roots appear, the plant must be transplanted into a pot (approximately one to two months).
If the plant has side shoots (popularly called "kids"), then you can propagate the orchid as follows:
- Spray the side shooter with water from a spray bottle daily and wait for the roots to form.
- Then carefully separate the shoot from the plant with the treated knife and sprinkle the cuts with coal powder.
- Plant an escape into the prepared soil and moisten it.
Cuttings are used for fast-growing plant species. For example:
How to propagate the orchid seeds
This method of reproduction of a plant implies a time-consuming process. This is due to the fact that small flower seeds do not have nourishing tissue.Usually the method is used by industrial organizations for growing orchids, since firms have special laboratory facilities, as well as artificial nutrient medium. However, it is quite possible to propagate the plant seeds on its own and some amateur gardeners use this method.
- Prepare the soil - mix chopped moss and leaf soil and moisten the soil.
- Drain the orchid seeds in rows (do not need to be covered with earth on top).
- It is necessary to maintain the following conditions: high humidity, temperature not lower than twenty and not higher than twenty-five degrees.
- After sowing the soil does not need watering. Spray the soil regularly with room temperature water with a spray bottle.
- After the appearance of the first shoots, the plant must be transplanted into a separate pot. In this case, the soil should consist of moss and peat in equal proportions.
- After the appearance of the second sheet is required to replant the plant. At the same time, the soil changes its composition: it is necessary to enrich the soil with chopped fern roots.
- After the fourth leaf appears, the orchid is transplanted into a permanent pot.
- The method involves a long flowering process, which can take several years.
Orchid meristem multiplication
In the laboratory, they practice this method of breeding a flower, which is also called tissue or cloning.
The method involves the separation of cells that can divide from the plant with a microscope. Then the cells are placed in a nutrient medium, where the process of division continues. Next, the cells form clots, which are separated and placed in a new medium.
By the way, there is a meristem in the gardening stores (educational plant tissue).
Despite the complicated breeding process that requires sterile conditions, the method involves obtaining the same orchids in a fairly short period of time.
You may also be interested in our article How Orchid Propagates.
You will find rules for plant care in our other article How to care for orchids. The author will give recommendations on the content of the flower in the pot. You will learn about the plant's requirements for lighting, temperature, watering and feeding.
When breeding and growing orchids, we recommend using ready-made soil and fertilizing, purchased in a specialty store.
In order to avoid overheating of the flower, choose a white or transparent plastic pot.