How to draw nature?
In order to learn how to draw, it is not necessary to spend years on education, for example, in art schools. If you do not pretend to the level of Picasso and Van Gogh, then self-study in the basics of painting is for you. In techniques that allow a realistic enough to display the surrounding objects, there is nothing difficult. If you are thinking how to draw nature, then first you need to decide on what you will write your picture. You can go outside - to the park, or go out of town, and draw from life there.
It is worth noting that drawing a landscape from life is more difficult, because objects are not static - trees sway in the wind, people walk, etc. If these factors do not distract you too much, then you can stop at this method. Otherwise, it is better to use a photo as a source. The photo must be in high resolution so that you can see all the small details and display them. Also, the complexity of how to draw nature in stages is that the sequence of actions determines the result. If you miss one of the elements, the picture will not be the one that was thought out.
Before you draw nature with a pencil, you need to know some important points. When depicting nature, it is necessary to take into account that there are various features of the foreground and background images. In order to properly and beautifully display the foreground, you must correctly use several elements.
- First, it must be borne in mind that the banks and roads of the rivers in the foreground, as well as the general landscape paintings, lead the eye away from the edge of the picture to the middle and far planes.
- Also, if there are no visible paths or any edges in the landscape, the artist can use strokes to indicate the surface of the earth in order to bring the viewer into the picture.
- Similarly, the image of the grass can be used. For example, you can draw it in places high enough so as to link the front and far plans.
- If it is a sandy beach, then on the beach it could be, for example, sand mounds or just pebbles. And if you draw water, then waves will perform this function.
- Also use shadows. They can perfectly smash the flat foreground and translate the view to the background.
- It is better to start with the main contours of the landscape, and for this you need to determine the size of the objects you want to draw.
- It is worth remembering that distant objects, for example, distant fields are usually much smaller than you might think.
- One small piece of advice comes in handy - you can try to benefit from the forms of objects that block one another. This will help convey a sense of the space of the landscape that you depict with a pencil.
After that, you can safely move on to smaller details of the landscape - draw trees, grass, stones, pebbles, bushes and other objects of the landscape.
As for the general provisions, which were mentioned earlier, then one can say the same about any landscape. And it does not matter how it is drawn - with a pencil or oil paints. How to paint nature with paints depends on the general technique of working with a particular paint.
- First, before you start working with paints, you need to clearly imagine what you want to get as a result.
- In order to paint with water colors - gouache or watercolor, you first need to put an image on a sheet with a simple pencil.Just do not need to put a drawing in thin lines. The pencil should be of medium hardness, because soft pencils can leave marks, which, dissolving in water, will stain the drawing.
- When drawing on watercolor paper, the brush should only lightly touch the paper, you should not make the bench strong or try to paint the surface completely. A sheet of paper must be kept under a slope - while the water with the dissolved paint will flow evenly down. So the surface of the picture will be covered with a solid tone. Excess water must be removed with a special clean brush.
- As for drawing with gouache, the technique here is about the same, only you need to take into account that gouache is a rather dense paint. So, if you apply it too thick, it can peel off or crack.