How to draw a baby figure




In this interesting article, we will talk about how to draw a figure of a child taking into account the age-related features of the build. Graphic study of clothing for children requires a creative approach to sketches and materials. Often used technology color graphics, dry and oil pastels, colored pencils and water-based paints.

How to please young fashionistas



Designing clothes for children is of particular importance for both designers and clothing manufacturers. Creating models for children, designers first of all think about the interests and hobbies of the child and at the same time embody the dreams of a fairy tale, goodness and, of course, beauty. Despite the fact that children's fashion is not far behind the adult one and small models on the catwalk imitate real supermodels in everything, the child’s figure has its own parameters that must be considered when creating clothes.


With age, the interests of the child and the size of all parts of the body change.Each age group is characterized by its dimensional characteristics, due to the characteristics of the constitution of children. In order for finished products to be in demand, functional and aesthetic, even at the stage of search sketches one should observe these proportions and features of the figure of children of that age for which this or that costume is intended.


We consider the features of the physique of children of different ages and how they are graphically depicted on sketches. Speaking about the proportions of the figure, it is necessary to clarify - the module, or unit of measure, taken as the basis for drawing the figure, is the human head. Conventionally, children's figures are divided into five age groups according to the average ratio of the length of the body, arms, legs, and head.


How to draw the figure of the smallest child



The youngest age group is children under 3 years old. During this period, children are characterized by active growth, the proportions of the body change rapidly: the height of the head relative to the length of the body is 1: 4 or 1: 4.5. Children of this age tend to have a large head and tummy, short neck and relatively long arms. The center of the figure is in the umbilical region.The main form for the development of clothing for children of this age group is rectangular or trapezoidal, not overloaded with details and divisions. Pastel colors and soft textures of natural fabrics are the main expressive means when creating clothes for the smallest mods. To draw a figure of a child under 3 years of age is necessary (photo 1):


How to draw a baby figureHow to draw a child's figure

Outline the main vertical line, which is the line of symmetry of the figure and sets the compositional value of the pattern on the sheet. Divide the vertical into four equal parts, corresponding to the zones of the figure:


  1. head;
  2. umbilical region;
  3. knees;
  4. feet feet.


Attention should be paid to the image of the child in profile, where you can observe some deviation of the figure back, and heads forward to maintain the figure in balance. In this regard, I will give advice to beginner painters: in order to correctly convey the plasticity and originality of the child’s movements, it is necessary to draw as many children as possible from life, as well as to view, analyze and copy the drawings of famous draftsmen and illustrators of children's fashion.


Sketch of the figure of a child of preschool age



The proportions of the body of preschool children - from 3 to 7 years old - are changing. The height of the head is 1: 5 or 1: 5.5 in relation to the body of the child. The figure becomes slimmer, the bulge of the abdomen decreases, arms and legs become longer. The picture of a child aged 3 to 7 years old is constructed as follows (photo. 2):


How to draw a baby figureHow to draw a figure of a child of preschool age

On the main vertical line of the drawing (the middle line of the figure) five divisions are carried out:


  1. head;
  2. waist area;
  3. step line;
  4. knee line;
  5. foot line.


The outline of the child's body is indicated with light lines according to the specified proportions. They clarify with the main line the silhouette of the figure, body parts. Draw conditionally facial features and shape of hair. So the sketch of the child's figure is ready.


Draw a sketch of the figures of younger students



Clothes for children of the age group from 7 to 11 years old reflect all current fashion trends, and also include school uniforms in the product range. The proportions of the figure of children of this age are the ratio of the head to the growth of the body, like 1: 6 or 1: 6.5. The shape of the figure changes, the bulge of the abdomen disappears, the waist is indicated.To make a pencil drawing of a figure of a girl aged 7 to 11 years old, it is necessary (photo 3):

Learn how to draw a sketch of a childLearning to draw a sketch of a child

The main vertical line of the picture is divided into six parts. The division lines of the figure correspond to the following zones:


  1. head;
  2. breast line;
  3. hip line;
  4. line above the knees;
  5. mid calf;
  6. foot line.


Put the figure in a given perspective, find the necessary position in the dynamics or statics. Particular attention should be paid to the contour line of the silhouette of the figure, taking into account the muscular structure. Draw the facial features and shape of hair. By depicting several models of children on a sheet, you can vary the different views of the child's figure and styles of hairstyles. After that, the sketch of the body is ready.


How to learn to draw a sketch of the body of teenagers



At the age of 11 to 14 years a new stage of rapid growth is coming. The height of the head is 1/7 or 1 / 7.5 of the height of the child. At girls the form of a breast is planned, become wider than a hip, the waist comes to light. The figure of boys differs more developed muscular mass, the shoulders widen, the waist is more clearly revealed. The proportions of the whole figure of this age group are close to the proportions of the figures of adults.


Stages of drawing the figure of children aged 11 to 14 years (photo 4):

Learn how to draw a sketch of a childHow to learn to draw a sketch of a teenager figure

Consider the composition of the picture on the sheet. Draw a line of the vertical in the center of the figure - the height of the figure. Outline seven equal parts and put off the horizontal lines with a slight movement of the pencil. Define the basic constructive lines for the sketch:


  1. head;
  2. breast line;
  3. middle of the abdomen;
  4. mid thigh;
  5. line of knees;
  6. mid calf;
  7. foot line.


Determine the nature of the figure (based on one leg or two legs). Mark the necessary auxiliary lines and draw a shape outline. Make the necessary adjustments in the proportions and shape of the body, draw the facial features and hair. Clothing for children from 11 to 14 should carry communication elements and features of a teenager’s belonging to one or another cultural layer or style.


Learning how to draw a sketch of a figure of teenagers correctly



The proportions of adolescents from 14 to 16 years of age are similar to adults: the height of the head corresponds to the height of the body, like 1 / 7.5 or 1/8. But more elongated thin arms and legs, more elongated, light and slim body configuration distinguishes teenagers.The proportions of the figures of this age group and the keen desire of adolescents to express themselves allow designers to create a variety of style decisions in costume: from grotesque-romantic to ultra-avant-garde decisions. Ways of drawing a figure of a teenager from 14 to 16 years old (photo 5):

Learn how to draw a sketch of a childLearn how to draw a sketch of a child - teenager

Outline the compositional arrangement of the figure on the sheet. Draw the main vertical line of the picture. Mark on the vertical eight equal segments corresponding to the proportions of the body:


  1. head;
  2. breast line;
  3. waistline;
  4. hip line;
  5. mid thigh;
  6. knee line;
  7. mid calf;
  8. foot line.


Determine the nature of the statement, outline the outline of the figure's figure and draw the shape of the body, taking into account the reliefs of the muscles and the specific structure of the figure of adolescents. Using these drawing patterns for children of different ages will undoubtedly help create new models of children's clothing on sketches and successfully implement them in the material. Now it is not difficult to draw the correct sketch of the child’s figure. And then we will understand the secrets of tailoring for children and adults.