How to choose a cultivator?
With the arrival of spring, each owner of a kitchen garden or a backyard plot thinks about preparing the soil for the upcoming planting. To facilitate human labor in this area there is such a unit as a cultivator. So how to choose from a variety of models on the market?
First, consider the electrical option. Cultivators driven by electric current are lightweight, reliable, economical and do not produce much noise. But it makes sense to use them only in small areas or in greenhouses, as they are rather thin and tied to a power source. Therefore, with a land area of more than 4 hectare is better to buy a cultivator with a gasoline or diesel engine. Also, if there is a small area of land, you can choose an easy cultivator weighing up to 15 kilograms. True depth of processing will be about a third of a meter with the same width of the passage. But they are extremely easy to use and easy. The engine is usually two-stroke, it has a light weight, but is noisy and gluttonous.
The next class is medium cultivators.They can reach a weight of 40 kilograms, the processing depth is slightly larger than that of light models, but it is possible to increase the width of the passage by adding new modules.
Heavy cultivators closely approached in their functionality to the motor blocks, can carry a variety of attachments and width of processing. Engine power can reach 6 hp It is worth noting here that the absence of a gearbox means that the cultivator has only one speed. With a fairly large price of a heavy cultivator, it is better to purchase a walk-behind tractor.
The cultivator reducer must be collapsible, in case of a breakdown there is a chance to quickly reanimate it. If the cultivator gearbox has a non-collapsible design, then if it fails, you will have to buy a new cultivator. Even if the cultivator's reducer is collapsible, it can have different types of gears — toothed, hypoid, worm, and chain, of which the first is the most reliable. Consider the layout of the gearbox and the clutch, for example, if the cultivator has a worm gearbox and the clutch comes through a conical clutch, then it is easy to divide it into two modules, which is very convenient in storage.A hypoid gearbox complete with a belt drive will allow the knives to go deeper into the soil, as it is possible to narrow the cultivator cover. The casing itself must absolutely reliably protect the main components of the cultivator from the ingress of dirt, stones and earth, but at the same time provide unhindered access for lubricating those components that need it.
And one more thing, the cultivator is sold without wheels, only with a mill or other equipment, the wheels need to be bought separately, so take care of them in advance, otherwise the transportation of your assistant will cause a lot of trouble.