Russian is considered one of the most difficult languages in the world. Of course, it’s difficult for us to understand this, just as the Chinese have no idea how you can not be able to write in hieroglyphs. In Russian, there are many so-called “pitfalls” that ruin the lives of even native speakers. One of these "stones" are the verbs of the exception 1 and 2 conjugations.
The conjugations are designed to verify the spelling of the endings of words. Often stress does not fall on the last syllable, because of which it is pronounced indistinctly (“swallows”), as a result, an error may occur when writing.
There are two conjugations, and each of them has its own endings. Knowing and being able to distinguish them, you will never be mistaken in writing words.
- The first conjugation is verbs, which in an indefinite form have any endings, except for “-bit”. Examples: prick, blow, regret, give, crawl. Useful advice: in order to bring the verb into an indefinite form, ask mentally the question: "What to do?". For example, "What to do - crawl."
- The second conjugation is a verb which has an ending "-it" in an indefinite form. Examples: appreciate, cut, feed, burn, give.
In different forms of the verbs of the second conjugation in the endings, the letters A, H, and A are always written.
Examples: appreciate, appreciate, appreciate.
It would seem nothing complicated - he brought the word into an indefinite form and found out which ending corresponds to it. But Russian would not be one of the most difficult in the world, if everything were so simple. Such "insidious" little words can "ruin the life" of any foreigner.
How to remember exception verbs
There are several words that even in an indefinite form are written in a completely different way, as prescribed by the rules of writing. That is why they are called exceptions. In total there are not too many such words.
Verb exclusion verbs 1: to shave, lay, to be based. The last word is practically not used in colloquial or business Russian, so you can live without it. But here are the first two, although belong to the first conjugation, but have the ending "-it."
Verb Exception 2 Verbs: drive, hear, breathe, hold, see, depend, endure, hate, offend, twirl, look.Despite the fact that, according to the rules, these verbs must end with "-it", they are written with their endings uncharacteristic of their conjugation.
They teach verbs of exclusion in the 4th grade, but most people, having finished school and having plunged into the troubles of adulthood, forget about the elementary rules of grammar. Especially in order to once and for all remember the spelling of "disobedient" words, you can use a proven methodology. Information is better assimilated and memorized faster if it is presented in rhymed form - a song or poem.
Verbs exceptions 1 and 2 verb conjugationswill allow to get rid of the simplest, but annoying mistakes. There are a variety of variations for every taste. Poems can be found in any Russian language textbook for Grade 4 or on the Internet by entering the corresponding query.
The rules for writing the verbs of exceptions can not be explained. They just need to be reconciled and remembered, especially since a simple and amusing rhyme will help you. Taking into account such a seemingly insignificant rule of grammar, one can avoid confusion when communicating, business correspondence and help your child in school.