Male circumcision (other names - excision of the foreskin or circumcision) is a surgical operation in which boys or men are removed from the head of the penis. The reason for this operation may be medical reasons, cultural, social or religious background. Whether to circumcise the boy or not, his parents decide. In some nations, circumcision is performed in 100% of the male population.
Mandatory foreskin removed from the men of Jewish nationality. This rite is called "Brit Mila". This procedure is performed when the child barely turns eight days and may be postponed to a later date for two reasons. The first is medical contraindications, if the child is born too weak, then circumcision is performed when the child is strong enough. And the second is the absence of a specialist who performs circumcision. To cut off the foreskin can either a specially trained person - a moel, or an ordinary surgeon in the obligatory presence of a rabbi. He also determines whether circumcision can be done or the rite should be moved to a later date.
The tradition involves the ritual "Brit Mila" in the synagogue, but now, as a rule, circumcision takes place in the house of the parents of the child in the presence of ten men over the age of thirteen, which symbolize the community of Israel. Upon completion of the circumcision, the child is given a name, and he becomes a full member of the union of the sons of Abraham.
Jewish circumcision has a significant difference from the Muslim and medical - in fact, the foreskin of the penis is not cut off, but is cut and then wrapped around the member, forming a kind of ring of flesh. The head of the member is also fully open.
Muslim circumcision is not as immutable as the Jews. It is quite possible to practice Islam without performing the rite of circumcision, but the overwhelming number of ethnic groups in which this religion is dominant still consider excision of the foreskin as a compulsory procedure. Unlike the sons of Israel, there is no definite general time for circumcision. This procedure can be carried out both on the seventh day of life, and at the age of three to fourteen years.Only the implementation of this procedure before puberty is required. Proponents of early excision are often motivated by the fact that at a more mature age, it is terrible to do circumcision, so newborn babies should be trimmed until they “feel nothing”.
Those who adopt Islam in adulthood are free to decide whether they should be circumcised, but traditional Islam considers the procedure mandatory. Unlike Jewish circumcision, Muslims foreskin is completely cut off and there is a noticeable scar under the head of the penis.
The main medical cause of circumcision is a disease such as phimosis. This is the inability of the foreskin to fully open the glans penis. Caused by this disease can be a congenital feature of the body or be the result of acute inflammatory processes in early childhood.
In addition, circumcision is done in case of difficulty urinating if the urethra orifices in the foreskin do not match.
Some researchers argue that circumcision, in addition to medical, religious and cultural,also performs a hygienic function, as it significantly reduces the risk of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS, reduces the likelihood of developing cancer of the penis and skin diseases. But this information is not confirmed by serious medical research, so hygiene can not answer, why do circumcision.
Does circumcision hurt
The circumcision procedure is very painful and can even cause a painful shock. For this reason, they are now increasingly resorting to local anesthesia when performing excision of the foreskin.
One of the side effects of excision of the foreskin is a significant increase in the duration of sexual intercourse. The skin of the head of the penis coarsens from constant contact with clothing and sensitivity decreases. As a result, more frictions are needed to achieve orgasm. This effect is often the cause of circumcision in men suffering from premature ejaculation.