Croton - a beautiful plant with an unusual name.
Want to add some paint to your home? This can help you indoor flower called Croton (codiaum). Unlike flowering plants, which bloom only for a certain period of time, Croton leaves will delight you with their appearance throughout the year.
They can be of different shapes and sizes, but their main feature is a very beautiful bright color. It is thanks to the leaves that this flower is so popular among flower growers and simple lovers of indoor plants.
Croton belongs to the euphorbia family. In nature, it mainly grows in southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, as well as in the forests of India and Indonesia. Well, at home you can grow the following species of this plant:
- Petra. This flower is a branching trunk, covered with large fleshy leaves that have a glossy shine. Their color can vary from light to dark green, while the veinlets are bright yellow.
- ExcelentThis is a very beautiful croton cultivar. The carved leaves of this flower are somewhat similar to oak leaves, but only they are more elongated. As for the colors, it favorably distinguishes this variety among other crotons. One plant can have at the same time leaves of dark green, light green, yellow and even claret color. And each leaf can be streaked with yellow, orange and red.
- Norm. This flower also has an original color scheme. Its lower leaves have a dark green color, and thanks to bright pink veins seem more pink than green. But the top leaves are green with yellow streaks.
- Gold Star. In appearance, this flower really resembles a star, as its thin long leaves are more often bright yellow than green, and at the same time they stick out in all directions.
- Mrs. Aiston. A distinctive feature of this Croton variety is that it is covered with small rounded leaves of different colors.
How to care for a croton?
First of all, you should know that, unlike other species of plants of the dairy-eater family, Croton is quite capricious in its care.But if you follow certain rules, then this flower will become a real decoration of your home. How can you grow croton at home?
Nowadays, most people buy their flowers in the shops or receive them in the form of a gift on the occasion of a celebration. If you belong to the first number, then you have a great opportunity to choose a healthy flower.
The first thing you need to pay attention to is the state of the croton leaves. They should be strong and glossy, bright colors and with distinct veins. If you see that the leaves are lowered down, and there are holes on the trunk, indicating that the plant is losing leaves, then it is better to refuse to buy such a flower.
After you have brought croton home, you need to transplant it into a permanent pot with good soil. To do this, mix peaty, hardwood, turfy ground with sand, in equal quantities. At the bottom of the pot must be put drainage. Croton is transplanted as follows:
- 2 hours before transplanting the flower should be poured abundantly with water.This will make the earth ball more dense, and the flower can be easily removed from the pot without damaging its roots.
- An earthen ball should be placed in a larger pot, and covered with roots with new soil.
The pre-watered plant is better adapted to new conditions, and will soon be applied in a new place.
Young plants should be transplanted annually, and adults - once every 2-3 years, as the roots grow. This is best done in the spring. In this case, you must use rubber gloves, since croton releases poisonous juice.
Where to put the pot with Croton?
When placing this flower in the house is worth considering several factors. Croton feels great in a well-lit room, but does not tolerate direct sunlight, which in spring and summer can leave burns on its beautiful leaves.
But in the winter it is better to put the flower on the south window, and he will only benefit from direct rays. By the way, the color of croton leaves depends on the lighting. The lack of light can manifest itself in the fact that the leaves will lose their decorative effect and will have an even green color.
In addition, you should not put a flower near the heating devices.He also does not like drafts. If you saw that the leaves of the croton became sluggish, changed their color and began to fall off, then this means that the place for the flower was chosen incorrectly.
Croton grows well at a temperature of + 20 ° C ... + 22 ° C, but it should not fall below 16 ° C, otherwise the leaves will begin to fall, and the roots will rot. If the room is too hot, then it is necessary to increase the humidity in it.
Croton loves abundant watering very much, but you should not overdo it either, otherwise the roots may rot. You should water the flower with warm water. In summer, this procedure is best done every other day, and in winter - 2 times a week. The most suitable time for this is morning and evening.
It is also recommended to spray the croton leaves regularly, and wipe them once a week with a damp cotton swab. To avoid excessive dryness of the roots, you can use a pallet filled with stones with water. Only between the pot and the water should be a small distance so that the roots are not completely submerged in water.
This flower should be regularly fertilized. In the summer, this should be done once a week immediately after watering, and in winter, once a month.Fertilizers intended for ornamental deciduous plants should be used for the feed.
How does croton breed?
If your flower grows well, then you can think about its reproduction. You can grow Croton from seeds or cuttings. The most commonly used cuttings are 15 cm long with strong glossy leaves. Like all euphorrhoids, the cut of the cutting must be washed in order to wash off the poisonous juice.
After that, it must be thoroughly dried. Then the stalk must be put in a container with a growth stimulator. This will accelerate the germination of the roots. The stalk must be planted in the ground and covered with a jar. From time to time it needs to be aired and watered with thermal settled water. The stalk should take root in about a month. After that it can be transplanted into a permanent pot.
Like all indoor plants, this flower can also be susceptible to various diseases and pests. But more often a florist has a question - why do croton leaves fall?
The leaves of this plant are indicators of its health. If the light does not suit him, the temperature regime or it is poorly watered, then this instantly affects the state of the leaves, and they begin to fall off. By the way, it is possible to determine from them what exactly Croton doesn’t like:
- if the tips of the leaves began to dry out, then the flower lacks moisture in the soil and air;
- brown spots on the leaves are a sign of sunburn;
- the reason for the pale leaves is insufficient lighting;
- the brown hem indicates that the plant is cold;
- if the leaves fall, then Croton may not have enough moisture, fertilizer, or just a sudden change in temperature.
Croton is a rather capricious flower in its care, but its beautiful leaves more than compensate for this.