13 English idioms that will be useful to you
To memorize an idiom or a stable phrase that is inherent in a given language is not a simple process, because most such expressions in literal translation mean nonsense, which is why difficulties arise in their understanding. In English, such “strange” idioms are a huge amount, and it is sometimes simply impossible to unravel their meaning without an excursion into linguistics. We decided to find an approach to the most used of them and found them historical decoding.
Origin: in the XVIII century, mercury was actively used in hat production, and cases of poisoning, which were accompanied by bouts of insanity among hatterers, were not uncommon, and from this the expression "crazy as a hatter" remained in the language until now.
Origin: once in Bristol, the owners of the drinking establishments guessed to fill the floor with sand, so that glasses would not break against it, and they would bring this sand (by the way, the city is not on the shore) to local teenagers, with whom the owners paid alcoholic drinks, why the "getters" were always drunk.
Origin: during the First World War, soldiers were operated on without anesthesia, and, in order to somehow cope with the pain, they literally have to “eat a bullet”.
Origin: this funny phrase about the “skeleton in the closet” is obliged to those times in the middle of the XIX century, when the opening of the human body by doctors or medical students was considered an illegal act, and the latter “collaborated” with the criminals and the usual grab robbers to obtain material for research , and hid it, including at home.
Origin: In ancient times, urine was used by tanners to soak the skin, and it was brought to them by very poor families, for whom it was a way to earn their living a little.
Origin: this expression familiar to us since school is in fact an exaggeration of the rain sound, which is heard when frogs thrown onto the shore by the storm are washed back into the sea by rain.
Origin: in the races, the leading jockey at the finish distance no longer needs to hold the reins in his hands, and just lets them go, crossing the winning line with his hands down.
Origin: in Shakespeare's Othello, Iago says that he will wear his heart on his sleeve, hinting that he will eventually be found guilty of his deeds and nothing can be done about it.
Origin: The Bible has a saying that it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to go to heaven.
Origin: A white dot means the center of the target for archers, which looked like a few black and red circles around the central white, and now the last one in modern targets is indicated in yellow.
Origin: a pun that is based on the longevity of donkeys (in captivity they live up to 50 years!) and on the length of their ears - years sounds very similar to ears.
Origin: horse sport professionals know that different horses are good for different types of horse racing, so the horse that won the race on a dry surface will not necessarily come first on a wet race course.
Origin: In the 19th century, the American courts, especially during the Gold Rush, practiced accelerated trials in order to quickly pass a sentence, for which the Australian gold prospectors, who were then quite a few in the US, called this tactic “jumping kangaroo”.